python学生管理系统代码实现

转载  2018-03-12   作者:zhubinqiang   我要评论

这篇文章主要为大家详细介绍了python学生管理系统代码实现,具有一定的参考价值,感兴趣的小伙伴们可以参考一下

本文实例为大家分享了python学生管理系统的具体代码,供大家参考,具体内容如下


class Student: 
  stuID = "" 
  name = "" 
  sex = "M" 
  classID = "NULL" 
   
  #set ID  
  def setStuID(self,stuID): 
    self.stuID = stuID 
   
  def setName(self,name): 
    self.name = name 
   
  def setSex(self,sex): 
    self.sex = sex 
     
  def setClassID(self,classID): 
    self.classID = classID 
   
  def getStuId(self): 
    return self.stuID 
   
  def getName(self): 
    return self.name 
   
  def getSex(self): 
    return self.sex 
   
  def getClassID(self): 
    return self.classID 

主函数

import os 
import re 
import sys 
import string 
import student 
 
#save file 
global FILEPATH 
FILEPATH = "student.db" 
#temporary file  
global TEMPFILE 
TEMPFILE = "temp.db" 
 
#This is menu 
def menu(): 
  while True : 
    print "1.Add a student information" 
    print "2.Query student information" 
    print "3.Delete a student information" 
    print "0.Quit" 
    opt = raw_input("Select:") 
    if opt == "1": 
      while True: 
        addStudent() 
        opt2 = raw_input("Continue Add(Y/N)?:") 
        if opt2 == "Y" or opt2 == "y" or opt2 == "": 
          continue 
        else: 
          break 
    elif opt == "2": 
      while True: 
        query() 
        opt2 = raw_input("Continue Query(Y/N)?:") 
        if opt2 == "Y" or opt2 == "y" or opt2 == "": 
          continue 
        else: 
          break       
    elif opt == "3": 
      while True: 
        delMenu() 
        opt2 = raw_input("Continue Delete(Y/N)?:") 
        if opt2 == "Y" or opt2 == "y" or opt2 == "": 
          continue 
        else: 
          break        
    elif opt == "0" : 
      exitProgram()   
      break  
    else: 
      print "Error input" 
         
#Add a student 
def addStudent() : 
  stu = student.Student() 
  while True: 
    stuID = raw_input("ID(001-999):") 
    #match ID 001-999 
    p = re.match("^[0-9]{3}$", stuID) 
    if p : 
      if stuID == "000": 
        print "ID must be 001-999" 
        continue 
      if isIDExist(stuID): 
        print "ID = %s already exist!" % stuID 
        continue 
      else :   
        stu.setStuID(stuID) 
      break 
    else: 
      print "ID must be 001-999" 
   
  while True:     
    stuName = raw_input("Name(a-z,A-Z,5 char):") 
    #match name a-z A-Z 5 char 
    p = re.match("^[a-zA-Z]{1,5}$",stuName) 
    if p : 
      stu.setName(stuName) 
      break 
    else : 
      print "Name format error must a-z,A-Z,within 5 char" 
   
  while True:   
    stuSex = raw_input("Sex(default is M):") 
    #default value 
    if stuSex == "": 
      stu.setSex("M") 
      print "Sex:M" 
      break 
    if stuSex =="M" or stuSex == "m": 
      stu.setSex(string.upper(stuSex)) 
      break        
    #if stuSex == "M" or stuSex == "m" || stuSex == "F" stuSex == "f": 
    p = re.match("^M|m|F|f$",stuSex) 
    if p : 
      stu.setSex(string.upper(stuSex)) 
      break 
    else : 
      print "Sex(M/f)" 
     
  while True: 
    stuClass = raw_input("Class(01-99):") 
    #default value 
    if stuClass == "": 
      stu.setClassID("NULL") 
      print "CLASS:NULL" 
      break 
    #match 00-99 
    p = re.match("^[0-9]{2}$",stuClass) 
    if p : 
      #get rid of 00 
      if stuClass == "00": 
        print "Class must 01-99" 
        continue 
      stu.setClassID(stuClass) 
      break 
    else: 
      print "Class must 01-99" 
  #save to file     
  file1 = open(FILEPATH,"a") 
  print "ID\tNAME\tSEX\tCLASS" 
  print stu.getStuId(),"\t",stu.getName(),"\t",stu.getSex(),"\t",stu.getClassID() 
  file1.write(stu.getStuId()+"\t"+stu.getName()+"\t"+stu.getSex()+"\t"+stu.getClassID()+"\n") 
  print "Add student success!" 
  file1.close() 
 
#Delete student menu   
def delMenu(): 
  print "1.Delete by ID" 
  print "2.Delete contains ID" 
  opt = raw_input("Select:") 
  if opt == "1": 
    delStudentByID() 
  elif opt == "2": 
    delStudentContainsID() 
  else: 
    print "Error input"   
     
#Delete contains id     
def delStudentContainsID(): 
  contID = raw_input("ID:") 
  if getInfoContainsID(contID)==0 : 
    print "Can't find ID contains \"%s\" student" % contID 
    return 
  opt = raw_input("Are you sure delete all(Y/N):") 
  if not opt == "y" or opt == "Y": 
    return    
  f = open(FILEPATH,"r") 
  tmp = open(TEMPFILE,"a") 
  i=0 
  for eachLine in f: 
    items = eachLine.split("\t") 
#    if not re.match(contID, items[0]): 
    if items[0].count(contID) ==0: 
      tmp.write(eachLine) 
    else:  
      i+=1    
  f.close() 
  tmp.close() 
  os.remove(FILEPATH) 
  os.rename(TEMPFILE, FILEPATH) 
  print "Deleted %d data" % i 
 
#get contains ID information          
def getInfoContainsID(stuID): 
  f = open(FILEPATH) 
  i=0 
  for eachLine in f: 
    items = eachLine.split("\t") 
     
    if not items[0].count(stuID) ==0: 
#    if re.match(stuID,items[0]): 
      i+=1 
      if i==1: 
        print "ID\tNAME\tSEX\tCLASS" 
      print eachLine, 
  if i==0: 
    return 0 
  else : 
    return i 
  f.close() 
     
#Delete student by ID   
def delStudentByID(): 
  delID = raw_input("Delete ID:") 
  if not isIDExist(delID) : 
    print "Can't find ID = %s student information" % delID 
    return  
   
  getInfoByID(delID) 
  opt = raw_input("Are you sure delete it(Y/N):") 
  if not (opt == "Y" or opt == "y"): 
    return 
   
  f = open(FILEPATH,"r") 
  tmp = open(TEMPFILE,"a") 
   
  for eachLine in f: 
    split = eachLine.split("\t")     
    if not delID == split[0]: 
      tmp.write(eachLine)            
  tmp.close() 
  f.close() 
  os.remove(FILEPATH) 
  os.rename(TEMPFILE, FILEPATH) 
  print "Delete success!" 
 
#Query menu   
def query(): 
  print "1.Query student by ID" 
  print "2.Query all students" 
  opt = raw_input("Select:") 
  if opt == "1": 
    queryByID() 
  elif opt == "2": 
    queryAll() 
  #default is query all   
  elif opt == "": 
    queryAll()   
  else : 
    print "Error Input!"   
     
#query ID exist 
def isIDExist(ID): 
  f = open(FILEPATH) 
  flag = 0 
  for eachline in f: 
    temp = eachline.split("\t") 
    if temp[0] == ID: 
      flag+=1 
  f.close() 
  if flag == 0 : 
    return False 
  else: 
    return True 
   
#get information by ID for delete student    
def getInfoByID(stuID): 
  f = open(FILEPATH) 
  i=0 
  for eachLine in f: 
    items = eachLine.split("\t") 
    if items[0] == stuID: 
      i+=1 
      if i==1: 
        print "ID\tNAME\tSEX\tCLASS" 
      print eachLine   
  f.close()      
   
#Query student by ID 
def queryByID(): 
  queryID = raw_input("ID:") 
  f = open(FILEPATH) 
#  lines = f.readlines() 
#  print lines[0].strip() 
#  for line in lines: 
#    a = line.split() 
#    if queryID == a[1].strip(): 
#      print line.strip() 
  flag = 0 
  for eachline in f: 
    #split by "\t" get as C array temp[4] 
    temp = eachline.split("\t") 
#    print temp[0] , temp[1] , temp[2] , temp[3] 
    if temp[0] == queryID: 
      flag+=1 
      if flag == 1: 
        print "ID\tNAME\tSEX\tCLASS" 
      print eachline, 
  if flag == 0 : 
    print "Can't find ID = %s student information" % queryID     
  f.close() 
#  f = open(FILEPATH) 
#  readLines = f.readlines() 
   
#  for eachLine in f: 
#    eachLine 
#         
#    if eachLine == queryID: 
#      print eachLine 
#  f.close() 
 
#Query all students   
def queryAll(): 
  f = open(FILEPATH,"r") 
  i=0 
  for eachLine in f: 
    i+=1 
    if i==1: 
      print "ID\tNAME\tSEX\tCLASS" 
    print eachLine, 
  f.close() 
  if i==0: 
    print "No data!" 
 
def exitProgram(): 
  print "Thank you Bye!" 
#  sys.exit() 
   
def init(): 
  if os.path.exists(FILEPATH) : 
    print "Load file successful" 
  else: 
    try: 
      f = open(FILEPATH,"w") 
    except Exception: 
      print "Can't open file" 
      sys.exit() 
    finally: 
      f.close() 
   
if __name__ == '__main__': 
  init() 
  menu() 

以上就是本文的全部内容,希望对大家的学习有所帮助,也希望大家多多支持脚本之家。

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